Serum protein electrophoresis is a test that measures specific proteins in the blood and is used to evaluate, diagnose, and monitor a variety of diseases and conditions. Protein electrophoresis can be performed using a patient’s blood, urine or CSF sample. The proteins in the sample are separated into one of the following five distinct fractions:
Once serum protein electrophoresis is performed and the proteins have been separated into their appropriate fractions, medical professionals can use the results to help diagnose many diseases, most typically multiple myeloma, a type of cancer, one symptom of which is the abnormal buildup of protein in various organs throughout the body.
- Albumin, which carries substances through the bloodstream, assists in tissue growth and healing, and helps reduce capillaries in the body from leaking fluid
- Alpha-1 globulin, one protein of which is a high-density lipoprotein
- Alpha-2 globulin, one function of which is to bind with hemoglobin
- Beta globulin, which, like albumin, also carries substances throughout the bloodstream, as well as helps fight infection
- Gamma globulins, which help the immune system to prevent and fight infection
For the best serum protein electrophoresis instruments, turn to the global leader – Sebia Electrophoresis. Sebia produces several tools to help measure various proteins, including the HYDRASYS®, a semi-automated agarose gel electrophoresis system. These systems provide unsurpassed resolution and sensitivity for the detection of proteins.
To learn more about protein electrophoresis please contact us today.