Lipoproteins are the molecules which carry cholesterol and triglycerides throughout the body. They are both vital to daily bodily functions like building cell membranes, hormones, and providing energy to body tissue. However, an excess of either, in particular cholesterol, can put a person at serious risk for cardiovascular disease. To help measure the type and amount of cholesterol in the body and determine potential risk for cardiovascular disease, lipoprotein electrophoresis is frequently performed. During this type of electrophoresis, the quantity of each lipoprotein class is measured based on its movement in an electrical field.
There are four major classes of lipoproteins:
- Chylomicrons, which circulate in the blood and deposit the triglycerides in fatty tissue
- Very low-density lipoproteins, which like chylomicrons also circulate in the blood and deposit triglycerides in fatty tissue but contain a higher concentration of cholesterol
- Low-density lipoproteins, also called “bad cholesterol,” form 60 to 70 percent of a person’s total cholesterol
- High-density lipoproteins, also called “good cholesterol,” removes excess cholesterol from tissues in the body
In general, the higher the level of high-density lipoprotein, the lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, and vice versa, though all of the lipoproteins play a role. Therefore, it is very important to get the most accurate results from your lipoprotein electrophoresis assay. That is where Sebia Electrophoresis comes in. Our company is dedicated to developing and improving traditional and innovative electrophoresis assays that produce the highest quality results.
The HYDRASYS®, Sebia’s semi-automated instrument, test menu consists of lipoprotein and lipoprotein + Lp(a) electrophoresis assays. To find out more about lipoprotein electrophoresis testing, please contact us today.